What is type 2 diabetes?
The quick answer is that Type 2 diabetes is an extremely complex and as yet poorly understood disease the primary symptom of which is an elevated fasting blood sugar level and increased blood sugar levels outside of 'normal' - which symptom can be validated through the A1c test of glycosylated hemoglobin (glycated homoglobin or 'glycohemoglobin') levels. The symptom of elevated blood glucose causes it's own health complications for the type 2 diabetic, but it remains really only a symptom of type 2 diabetes and not strictly speaking the disease itself. If you take a pill which lowers your blood sugar levels, you are still diabetic! The symptom may be gone, but you are still diabetic. One day, but not yet, through stem cell research or other means it may be that type 2 diabetes is actually cured, but right now, one can only suppress the symptoms and forestall the complications of the disease as it progresses. There is no cure.
That is only the quick answer, however.
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